Queen Anne, 1880-1910 (Part 2)

The Old House Web

Other parts of this story: Part1: Elements of Queen Anne houses ~~ Part3: A first-person account of restoring a Queen Anne.

Queen Anne tower
The fanciful trim on this tower is typical of Queen Anne style houses.

-- Photo: The Paint Quality Institute, "Prettiest Painted Places in America" contest.

The elaborate and fanciful Queen Anne style was popular in this country from1880 to 1910. The style is characterized by an asymmetrical shape, towers,dormers, bay windows, and corbelled chimneys, irregular roof lines and richornamentation, including decorative wrap-around porches.

Queen Anne houses were often frame construction, but the elaborate home of Booker T.Washington at the Tuskegee Institute in Macon, Alabama was built of brick. "The Oaks"provided tangible evidence of Washington's success. The Queen Anne style redbrick house, with steam heating and electricity, was the first of its kind inMacon County.

The Washingtons visited Europe the year construction began. Thefriezes in the parlor and library depict highlights of their trip. The house hada parlor, library, dining room, den, kitchen, family and guest rooms, breakfastroom, five bathrooms, and veranda. The Oaks sat on three acres of gardens,orchards, and pastures.

It was a place of employment and an on-the-job training site for students.African-American educators, businessmen, and farmers were entertained there.Professional staff visited frequently. Faculty members often called on Sundayafternoons but Washington often "cloistered himself in his office on Sundayafternoons, while his wife Margaret was entertaining young faculty members inthe parlor."

The Oaks
The Oaks, Booker T. Washington's home at Tuskegee Institute in Macon, Alabama.

(Click on any picture for a larger view.)

Oaks parlor
The parlor at The Oaks, as furnished by the National Park Service in 1999.

Oaks den
The den at The Oaks, in 1999.

Oaks dining room
The dining room at The Oaks.

-- NPS Photos, Eric Long.

Sagamore Hill
Another Queen Anne belonging to a famous leader -- Sagamore Hill, Oyster Bay, Long Island, the home of Theodore Roosevelt.

Sagamore Parlor
The parlor at Sagamore Hill.

-- Sagamore Hill photos: Department of Historic Furnishings, NPS

The parlor was an important place in the house. The Washingtons entertainedvisitors to the school, faculty and students here. A pair of sliding doorsseparated the parlor from the library. Guests were entertained in the parlorwhere they were sometimes treated to music played by daughter Portia.

At night, after a full day's work, Washington returned to his home office. Heoften worked in his office until late in the evening. Emmett Scott, Washington'ssecretary, had a desk in the den. Politicians, journalists, and school trusteesmet with Washington in his den.

The dining room, like the other rooms in The Oaks, were intended to impressstudents but not overwhelm them. On a sideboard in the Dining Room was a bowlfrom which Principal Washington used to take a piece of hard candy.

The following pictures, from the Historic American Buildings Survey, are of321 East Bolton Street, in Savannah, Georgia, an 1899 house described as the oneremaining example in the city's Victorian district of an elaborate Queen Anne.

Savannah Queen Anne
This house has many classic Queen Anne features, including the corbelled chimneys, assymetrical shape, wrap-around porch, 2/2 windows, and elaborate trim.

QA staircase
Staircase, with tiled landing.

QA porch
Elegant curved porch

QA porch
Porch entry detail

QA porch
The porch and front entrance, showing elaborate and varied woodwork.

QA detail
Trim detail between parlors.

(Click on any photo for a larger view.)

<- Part 1: Elements of Queen Anne style houses

Part 3: Restoring a Queen Anne ->

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