Picea abies--Norway Spruce

By The Old House Web

Picea abies--Norway Spruce

List of files and visuals associated with this text.


Norway spruce can grow 80 to 100 feet tall and spread 25 to 35 feet, though listed cultivars are shrublike. With age the top becomes open and the branchlets droop. Norway spruce tolerates most soils if moist and transplants easily if balled and burlapped or potted.

There are a number of cultivars of Norway spruce. Some are dwarf and shrublike, while others are trees. Not all will be available in nurseries. Cultivars include: 'clanbrassiliana'--dwarf, about 4 feet tall and twice as wide; 'columnaris'--narrow, columnar; 'echiniformis'(Hedgehog Spruce)--a rounded dwarf, broad; 'gregoryana'--rounded, broad, about 3 feet tall but much wider, slow growing; 'humulis'--about 2 feet tall; 'inversa'--drooping habit; 'maxwelli'--4 feet tall and 10 feet wide, slow growing, dense; 'nidiformis'--dwarf, very dense mound; 'nigra'--densely branched, dark green; 'pendula'--weeping; 'procumbens'--flat, dense, can be 3 feet tall; 'pumila'--spreading, about 4 feet tall; 'pygmea'--conical, slow growing; 'pyramidata'--narrow, slender pyramid; 'reflexa'--branchlets pendulous, 1 foot high but 10 feet wide; 'repens'--flat and prostrate, less than 3 feet tall but quite wide; 'stricta'--slender, spirelike.

Visuals associated with this text.

Visual title - Visual size Visual title - Visual size
Picea abies - 34K Picea abies clanbrasiliana - 78K
Picea abies inversa - 65K Picea abies nidiformis - 71K
Picea abies procumbens - 43K Picea abies rementii - 55K
Picea abies repens - 62K
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