Both bulbs and leaves of shallots may be used. Grow them in full sun and a well drained soil with a pH near 7.0 Planting is done in late March to early April. Cloves are planted 1 1/2 inches deep and 3 inches apart in rows 12 inches apart. If no other fertilizer was used apply 2 cups 5-10-10 per 25 feet of row. Work the fertilizer into a one foot wide band where the cloves are to be planted. Use shallow cultivation to control weeds.
Shallots are harvested green whenever the tops are at a usable stage. The bulbs are ready for harvest when the tops fall over and die. Discard injured bulbs. Spread the healthy bulbs in a dry area to cure then separate them into cloves for storage. Storage is done under dry conditions with a temperature near 32 degrees.