Pansy is a biennial grown as an annual. There are several varieties with brightly colored flowers. Pansy performs best during the cool days of spring and fall. The plants need some shade and lots of moisture during hot weather. A rich soil and ample moisture are needed for the production of large flowers. Keep plants in bloom by removing old flowers before seed is formed. Fertilize during the growing season. Young plants, overwintered outside, need protection. Occasionally plants will survive the winter in sheltered locations. The plants grow six to ten inches high and are spaced six to eight inches apart.
Pansy is propagated by seed or cuttings. Cuttings can be taken and rooted in the fall. Seed may be planted in spring or fall. Fall planted seed are sown in cold frames in July with seedlings transplanted to the garden when large enough to handle. The seed germinates in 10 to 14 days at temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees. Cover the seed to exclude light. Seedlings are killed by too much sun.
|Visual title - Visual size||Visual title - Visual size|
|Viola x wittrockiana - 55K|